Tips for Using Fusible Web

Seven Tips for Fusible Web Applique

Some of the earliest quilts in the American tradition were made with beautiful hand stitched applique such as seen in this amazing Baltimore Album quilt from around 1845.

I love the smooth perfection of hand applique. When done well, it's simply gorgeous. If done poorly, though, it looks pretty awful. Unfortunately, my hand applique skills fall in the second category. Downright horrid! Sigh...
I don't have the patience this lovely work requires and I don't have the skill.

But, all is not lost! There is another way to add applique to quilts.  It's fast and looks quite acceptable!

Fusible web to the rescue!!
I ADORE fusible web. I use it on all of my mug rugs and many other quilts, as well. Here are a few of the tricks I've learned and some the products I've used with success. I hope you find these little ideas useful.

1. Buy the right fusible web.
There are so many kinds of fusible web on the market that a person can easily become confused. For quilts you definitely want the lightest weight, stitchable, paper backed, web you can find. This isn't the only good product out there, but I've had excellent luck with Pellon Wonder Under 805. 

2. When cutting the web out, leave some space around the template tracing. 
When the fusible web is ironed onto the wrong side of your applique fabric, this space1/4" or so around the tracing makes it so much easier to cut the web and the fabric together on the template lines. Doing it in one step is so much neater as well. 

3. Protect you iron and ironing board cover.
Your iron works beautifully on the paper side of the fusible web, but should it accidentally touch the other side, you will have a messy, gummed up iron.

I often lay a piece of scratch paper on top of the applique before I iron the web onto the fabric. In this photo I just grabbed a handy Kleenex tissue.

Any edges of the fusing that may peek out will attach to the paper instead of the iron. I also lay a piece of an old sheet over my ironing board cover whenever I work with the web.

4. Remove the paper backing from the fusible web easily. 
Don't waste long minutes trying to pry a fingernail between under the paper to pull it away from the applique piece so you can fuse it to the background fabric. Grab a pin. Score the paper and pull it off. Slick, isn't it?

5. Use a stabilizer when stitching around applique pieces.
Sometimes, especially with small piece that are being appliqued, the zigzag stitching will pull and cause the background fabric to pucker. A stabilizer placed on the wrong side of the background fabric will prevent that from happening. There are many stabilizers available. They come on rolls and in precut packs. Some are water soluble, others are tear away. Choose whichever is most comfortable for you. Because I'm making so many applique projects, I buy my stabilizer on a roll.

6. Choose the best thread for your applique .

Thread comes in a variety of weights designated by a number. These weights become thicker as numbers decrease and thinner as numbers increase.  

50 weight thread is the standard all purpose sewing thread. This thread works well for almost any sewing project, and is my preference for most machine applique. I usually stick to 100% cotton for this weight. 

A 60 weight thread will be finer than the standard weight.  It doesn't feel bulky and thick in even very close zigzag stitching. When the thread color matches the fabric it blends so well that it doesn't stand out at all. Polyester and silk each have a lovely sheen.

A 40 weight thread is a bit thicker than standard thread. It's perfect when you want the stitching to stand out and accent the applique. I used 40 weight black thread on my Elephant Walk baby bib. I also used a larger than usual blanket stitch, so it looks similar to hand stitching.
7. When marking your fabric, use a good, removable fabric marker.
I have used chalk, air erase markers, and water soluble markers. Each of them has been fine for specific purposes. Recently, though, I happened across the marker than has become my favorite. 

Marks made by this Frixion marker by Pilot will last as long as you need them, and, and they erase with the heat of an iron. Honestly, when you want you marks to disappear just press a hot iron over them and they'll be gone! Do test it first, though. I've never had a problem, but I've heard that the ink leaves a pale mark on some darker fabrics. The markers come in 8 colors, but I really rely most on standard black.


  1. Great tips! Thank you for sharing!

  2. I've had problems with using the Frixion pen. The marks will come back when frozen. Why would I freeze a quilt? I didn't but was taking it to someone and being in the airplane cargo area was cold enough to allow the marks to reappear. Yes I could reapply heat to take care of the marks and I was glad it happened when I was there to know what to do rather than if I had sent it to the friend.

    1. My goodness, Maridee! I've never heard this before, and I will definitely check it out. This could truly be a headache if one were to mail a quilt somewhere.

  3. Oh yes, it definitely does come back but I will continue using them. If I mail a quilt to a friend who lives in cold country, I will warn them in advance. I love the Frixions.

    1. I love them, too - in spite of the freezing issue.

  4. Tell your friends to stick the quilt in the dryer for a few minutes. I always wash my quilts when finished, and this takes care of the friction markings coming back issue.

    1. Excellent idea, Alice. The warmth of the dryer would make the marks disappear.